وَعِبَادُ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الَّذِينَ يَمْشُونَ عَلَى الْأَرْضِ هَوْنًا وَإِذَا خَاطَبَهُمُ الْجَاهِلُونَ قَالُوا سَلَامًا
And the servants of (Allah) Most Gracious are those who walk on the earth in humility and when the ignorant address them they say “Peace!”
In Surah Furqaan Allah mentions qualities of a Muslim that we should all strive to have.
The word عِبَادُ is plural of the word عبد meaning servant. But it differs from the word عبيد.
عبيد would be used even if the servants in question do not necessarily accept Allah as their master… so can be used for kuffar.
The word عباد can be used only if the servants in question have accepted Allah as their master, so the muslimeen.
If we have even one of these qualities we can class ourselves from عباد الرحمن.
The more qualities we have though the better…
So, walking on the earth with humility has been said to walk slightly swiftly..and that is One sign of humility
The second Quality of Ibaadur Rahman is that when an ignorant person talks to them the reply with Salam..
As in he doesn’t rise to his level and engage in the nonsense that the Jaahil is engaging in. He doesn’t feel the need to give a smart remark back that may or may not cause an argument.
وَالَّذِينَ يَبِيتُونَ لِرَبِّهِمْ سُجَّدًا وَقِيَامًا
And those who spend part of the night for their lord in prostration and in standing..
Here Allah SWT makes mention of Tahajjud…The night has been mentioned specifically because it is a time of rest and aaraam. It is harder to wake up and pray Tahajjud at night rather than nafl in the day and obviously becase theres nobody else awake at that time there is no element of riyaa in it.
There are a lot of benefits of Tahajjud which Im not going to go in to right now but it has been said that it is the first pious amal that a pious person does..
وَالَّذِينَ يَقُولُونَ رَبَّنَا اصْرِفْ عَنَّا عَذَابَ جَهَنَّمَ
And those who say, “Our Lord, avert from us the punishment of Hell
إِنَّ عَذَابَهَا كَانَ غَرَامًا
Indeed, its punishment is ever adhering;
إِنَّهَا سَاءَتْ مُسْتَقَرًّا وَمُقَامًا
Indeed, it is evil as a settlement and residence.”
A true servant of Allah has a balance between Khawf of Allah and Hope in him.
They will Make dua despite their acts of worship for forgiveness and safeguarding from Jahannam but continue to do more Ibaadah in the hope that it gets accepted
وَالَّذِينَ إِذَا أَنْفَقُوا لَمْ يُسْرِفُوا وَلَمْ يَقْتُرُوا وَكَانَ بَيْنَ ذَٰلِكَ قَوَامًا
who, when they spend, are neither wasteful nor stingy, but keep the balance between those two extremes
Here when it talks about spending it is important to know what is classed as wasteful or stingy..
Hazrat Ibn Abbas has said that it means to spend outside what Allah has permitted for us.. This can be would be classed as wasteful.
Stingy would be classed as not spending where Our prophet has told us to spend.
So we need to strike a balance between the two and spend where Allah has permitted for us.
May Allah grant us the Tawfeeq to do Amal and make us better Muslims
لم يسرفوا Can also be translated as Not spending in extragavance
وَالَّذِينَ لَا يَدْعُونَ مَعَ اللَّهِ إِلَٰهًا آخَرَ وَلَا يَقْتُلُونَ النَّفْسَ الَّتِي حَرَّمَ اللَّهُ إِلَّا بِالْحَقِّ وَلَا يَزْنُونَ ۚ
وَمَنْ يَفْعَلْ ذَٰلِكَ يَلْقَ أَثَامًا
يُضَاعَفْ لَهُ الْعَذَابُ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ وَيَخْلُدْ فِيهِ مُهَانًا
And those who do not invoke with Allah another deity or kill the soul which Allah has forbidden [to be killed], except by right, and do not commit unlawful sexual intercourse. And whoever should do that will meet a penalty. Multiplied for him is the punishment on the Day of Resurrection, and he will abide therein humiliated
From this Ayah, Allah begins to mention the things that a Muslim should NOT have.. The first and most important think is not to do shirk and not to associate partners with Allah… Following that Allah mentions not to murder and not to commit zina.
أَثَامًا is a valley in Jahannam according to some Ulama’ Some ulama’ just translate it to mean a punishment
إِلَّا مَنْ تَابَ وَآمَنَ وَعَمِلَ عَمَلًا صَالِحًا فَأُولَٰئِكَ يُبَدِّلُ اللَّهُ سَيِّئَاتِهِمْ حَسَنَاتٍ ۗ وَكَانَ اللَّهُ غَفُورًا رَحِيمًا
Except for those who repent, believe and do righteous work. For them Allah will replace their evil deeds with good. And ever is Allah Forgiving and Merciful.
Here it is worth noting that a Tawbah has to have regret.. and a firm intention of not continuing the amal in the future for it to be classed as correct. But again Allah brings up the point that there is hope for even the bigger of sins.
وَالَّذِيۡنَ لَا يَشۡهَدُوۡنَ الزُّوۡرَۙ وَ اِذَا مَرُّوۡا بِاللَّغۡوِ مَرُّوۡا كِرَامًا
And those who do not bear witness to any falsehood and who, when they pass by frivolity, pass by it with dignity.
So the true servants of Allah, will not partake in any gatherings where lies are uttered…The biggest lie being lies of kufr and shirk… and then the other lies that we may utter everyday…
Some Ulama’ have narrated that this ayah refers to bearing a false witness in terms of qasams etc.
Hazrat Ibn Abbas has narrated that these gatherings refer to the celebrations of the mushrikeen.
Hazrat Mujahid and Muhammad ibn Huzaifah have said these gatherings are the gatherings where music is being played.
Hazrat Umar ibn Qays narrates that these gatherings are the gatherings of immodesty and dancing.
Imam Malik says that these gatherings are the gatherings where alcohol is present..
However, ALL these gatherings can be put under the umbrella of زور
And if by chance they do end up in such a gathering, they remove themselves from there in an acceptable way.
وَالَّذِينَ إِذَا ذُكِّرُوا بِآيَاتِ رَبِّهِمْ لَمْ يَخِرُّوا عَلَيْهَا صُمًّا وَعُمْيَانًا
And when they are reminded of the Verses of their Lord, they do not fall down at them deaf and blind.
Meaning, that when the ayaat of Allah are mentioned, they take heed and do amal on them rather than ignoring them and acting as though they are deaf and blind and acting as if they do not know.
وَالَّذِيۡنَ يَقُوۡلُوۡنَ رَبَّنَا هَبۡ لَـنَا مِنۡ اَزۡوَاجِنَا وَذُرِّيّٰتِنَا قُرَّةَ اَعۡيُنٍ وَّاجۡعَلۡنَا لِلۡمُتَّقِيۡنَ اِمَامًا
And those who say, “Our Lord, grant us from among our wives and offspring comfort to our eyes and make us an example for the righteous.”
A servant of Allah will make dua for a pious spouse and child and pray for them to be the coolness of their eyes
Hasan Basri has stated that coolness of eyes means to see your those around you busy in the obedience of Allah.
A true servant of Allah however will not only be concerned about his self islaah but will help his family too.
أُولَٰئِكَ يُجْزَوْنَ الْغُرْفَةَ بِمَا صَبَرُوا وَيُلَقَّوْنَ فِيهَا تَحِيَّةً وَسَلَامًا
Those will be awarded the Chamber for what they patiently endured, and they will be received therein with greetings and [words of] peace.
The word chamber here refers to a specific room in paradise that will be given to the people that are closest to Allah
خَالِدِينَ فِيهَا ۚ حَسُنَتْ مُسْتَقَرًّا وَمُقَامًا
Abiding eternally therein. Good is the settlement and residence.
قُلْ مَا يَعْبَأُ بِكُمْ رَبِّي لَوْلَا دُعَاؤُكُمْ ۖ فَقَدْ كَذَّبْتُمْ فَسَوْفَ يَكُونُ لِزَامًا
O Muhammad! Say: “My Rabb does not care at all if you invoke Him or not. Now that you have rejected His revelations, soon you will face the inevitable punishment.”
Its a point worth mentioning that Allah is not in need of our ibaadah. Rather we are in need of it for our own benefit
May Allah accept our efforts and grant us the tawfeeq to do amal on what we have learnt.
May he grant us the honour of being from amongst the ibaadur Rahmaan
Make dua for me in this blessed month and I hope that you have it in your hearts to forgive anything that I have done to you.